Thematic area: Newsrooms

Gender inequalities are commonplace in newsrooms in most countries around the world. The inequalities play out in newsroom culture, in the roles held by staff and in the types of stories assigned to reporters depending on whether they are female or male. Studies document patterns of gender job segregation as well as overrepresentation of women in junior newsroom roles. Findings from media monitoring research indicate that stories about politics and the economy are overwhelmingly reported by men, as are foreign and international news. The male bias in assignment of important stories of the day became clear during the Covid-19 coronavirus global health crisis. The research found a displacement of women from science and health reporting worldwide, a topic that women journalists were more likely to cover in previous years.

This page hosts reports on country studies and various other resources.

Women and leadership in the news media 2020: evidence from ten markets (English, 2020)

In this RISJ factsheet we analyse the gender breakdown of top editors in a strategic sample of 200 major online and offline news outlets in ten different markets across four continents.

Money. Power. Stereotypes. Does gender equality in the media really matter? International comparative gender study in Georgia, Moldova and Russia (English, 2018)

The comparative study, carried out in Georgia, Moldova and Russia in 2018, aimed to distinguish common and specific aspects of gender-related issues identified with employment in the media industry of the three countries, as well as to determine the nature of the differences. The study made it possible to reach a number of conclusions regarding the situation in mass media in Georgia, Moldova and Russia, and to identify the factors that determine the main differences related to the employment of mass media employees, their salaries, opportunities of career growth and professional self-fulfillment, work mobility etc.

Gender in the Myanmar media landscape full report (English, 2016)

The emergence and rapid proliferation of Covid-19 made the implementation of the 6th Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP) the most extraordinary since the initiative’s inception in 1995. Yet, despite the pandemic, the media sample was the highest ever. The research was implemented by 116 teams and covered 30,172 stories published in newspapers, broadcast on radio and television, and disseminated on news websites and via news media tweets.

Strengthening Somali media (English, 2015)

This briefing paper seeks to understand the existing gender situation in the Somali media and make recommendations to Fojo Media Institute and International Media Support on how to develop their ‘Strengthening Somali Media” program in a gender-sensitive manner.

Gender report (Russian, 2018)

Отчет содержит результаты исследования гендерных аспектов занятости, карьеры и профессиональной самореализации в медиаиндустрии двух стран – Грузии и Молдовы, а также сравнительный анализ полученных данных с ситуацией в российских СМИ. Импульсом к проведению настоящего исследования послужила реализация в 2016 году проекта “Российская медиасреда: гендерные аспекты занятости и карьеры”, в котором указанные вопросы подробно изучались применительно к российской медиаотрасли.

Gender report (Russian, 2020)

Этот отчет – результат четырехлетней работы исследователей в шести странах Восточной Европы. С 2016 года Fojo Media Institute вместе с местными партнерами исследует медиаландшафт в Восточной Европе с гендерной точки зрения, чтобы выяснить, как женщины и мужчины в отрасли воспринимают свою трудовую жизнь. Какие у них есть варианты влияния и успешной карьеры? Каковы различия в тематике публикаций и удовлетворенности работой у мужчин и женщин-журналистов? Является ли сексуальное домогательство проблемой, которая влияет на профессиональную практику?

Gender report (Russian, 2017)

В материалах на основе результатов исследования, проведенного сотрудниками ИСЭПН РАН осенью 2016 года, представлена информация о системных изменениях в сфере масс-медиа; о тенденциях и причинах феминизации ме­диаиндустрии; о гендерных особенностях оплаты труда и карьерного роста в данной отрасли; о влиянии гендерных факторов на выбор тематики, а также иная актуальная информация, касающаяся условий труда и возможностей про­фессиональной самореализации работников и руководителей СМИ. Анализ построен на данных статистики, а также двух социологических исследований: массового анкетного опроса работников СМИ и углубленных интервью с экс­пертами в области масс-медиа.

Baseline study on gender in the Ethiopian media landscape (English, 2021)

Fojo Media Institute and International Media Support (IMS) are implementing the programme “Media Reform in a Time of Change – Promoting Journalism and Democracy” in Ethiopia (2020-2023). The objective of the programme is to enable men and women in Ethiopia to have access to independent and balanced public interest journalism, enabling democratic peaceful citizen engagement and accountable governance. Promoting women’s representation in newsrooms, the fair and balanced portrayal of women and men in media content and promoting media access to women are critical to realizing these objectives. The purpose of this study, which was conducted in 2020, was to generate key baseline information and recommends relevant interventions for Fojo-IMS to inform the programme’s actions towards advancing gender equality in the media using the opportune time of the media reform process.

Special report focusing on online hate against women journalists (English)

This report provides background material to the UN Secretary General’s Report on Safety of Journalists and Impunity. It summarizes experiences from actors within the Swedish media sector specifically related to on-line hate and threats against women journalists in Sweden. It also provides summaries of Fojo Media Institute’s activities related to on-line hate and threats against women journalists as well as gender equality in Sweden, globally, Somalia, Russia and Belarus, Rwanda, Zimbabwe and the MENA-region.

Cambodia gender report (English, 2018)

The Gender-in-Media Landscape Study aims to inform the activities of the South East Asia Media Training Network by exploring gender equity in the media workplace. Towards this end, data were gathered through a broad survey and multiple focus group discussions in both countries. The findings are naturally affected by the overarching conditions in which the media operates, and by the broad gender dynamics of Cambodia. Findings show a male-dominated profession, but where women have increasingly joined the industry. It explores the pressures faced by female journalists on security and the lack of workplace policies in support of gender-related needs.

Vietnam gender report (English, 2018)

The Gender-in-Media Landscape Study aims to inform the activities of the Southeast Asia Media Training Network by exploring gender equity in the media workplace. Towards this end, data was gathered through a broad survey and multiple focus group discussions. The report outlines findings to the situation of women in media: their representation, and the structural and systematic barriers to progression. It explores experiences of sexual harassment and the lacking management responses to deal with that and other workplace issues.

Barriers to women journalists in Sub-Saharan Africa (English, 2021)

The study identifies obstacles hindering women from entering and progressing within Rwanda’s journalism industry. The findings of this report identify the strategies and interventions that will promote gender equality for women journalists in Rwanda, at various career levels. The study aims to provide a review and summary of existing research on gender and media in Rwanda, including identified gaps in research, data analysis, and recommendations to inform the development of the Fojo/SR MDO proposal for phase 2 in Rwanda. It was commissioned by Fojo and has been conducted by African Women in Media (AWiM).

Myanmar gender report (English, 2017)

This report has been carried out by Myanmar Womens Journalist Society (MWJS) and International Media Support & Fojo Institute in Myanmar. The study was the first in its kind and intended to be replicated and repeated each year, as a way of tracking media’s progress on this issue. This landmark study sheds light on the imbalance of female and male voices in Myanmar news, covering the diversity of the current media landscape across different mediums, types of ownership, geographic regions, languages, frequencies of publication, and political affiliations. The objective is to see Myanmar participate in the next ‘Global Media Monitoring Project’ (GMMP) in 2020, which is a worldwide media monitoring, research and advocacy project implemented collaboratively with women’s rights organizations and researchers across the world. The results of the study aim to fill a gap in the media development process in Myanmar, and assist with building capacity among media professionals and institutions to promote gender equality in and through the media

ECER gender report (English, 2018)

Journalism is facing multiple challenges in our time. The transformation of the advertising market with social media tech giants taking over the scene, is probably the single most important factor challenging the continued production of quality journalism. On the other hand, the new media climate has spurred renewed commitments to the core principles of journalism: relevance, accuracy and impartiality. There is a distinct call for journalism to be fair and representative, in content and industry. This comparative study, takes a closer look at gender aspects of working conditions in the media in four countries, Georgia, Moldova, Russia and Belarus, with the aim of informing the discussion on how gender is related to the development of the industry and journalism itself.

Gender in the Belarusian media landscape (English, 2016)

The report on “Gender in the Belarusian Media Landscape” was undertaken to inform actors in the local media industry of the current status on gender equality in Belarus media and to shed light on the relative position of women in the industry. Belittling stereotypes that hinder advancement, problems to combine work and family life, gender biased distribution of beats and a general feminization of the industry, (with declining wages and significant male drop out), are some of the challenges facing female journalists in Belarus who want to make themselves a career in the media industry. Unique research conducted by Fojo and its partners in Belarus show how gender bias is built into the power structures of media organisations and how women are the ones losing out.

Sexual Harassment Handbook (viet, 2018)

Phụ nữ trong báo chí (WIN) là Chương trình chiến lược về giới và tự do báo chí của Hiệp hội báo chí và các nhà xuất bản tin tức thế giới (WAN-IFRA). WIN hướng đến việc gia tăng quyền lãnh đạo và tiếng nói của phụ nữ thông qua việc trang bị cho các phóng viên, biên tập viên nữ các kỹ năng, chiến lược và mạng lưới hỗ trợ để họ có thể đảm nhận các vị trí lãnh đạo cao hơn trong lĩnh vực báo chí.

Gender media training handbook

Aims to provide media educators with the skills and arguments to overcome the many familiar obstacles to gender mainstreaming expressed by trainers like ZAMCOM’s Djokotoe

IFJ learning resource kit for gender ethical journalism and media house policy

This Learning Resource Kit for Gender-Ethical Journalism and Media House Policy is the result of collaboration between the World Association of Christian Communication (WACC) and the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) to redress gender disparities in news media content

UNESCO handbook to address violence against women

UN Women and UNESCO are pleased to have collaborated on the production of this handbook, which is one in aseries of handbooks being developed to advance implementation of A Framework to Underpin Action to Prevent Violence against Women.